Carnegie Climate Governance Initiative

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C2G Advisory Group

The C2G Advisory Group was established to guide the initiative in its mission to catalyze the creation of effective governance for emerging climate technologies.

The Advisory Group is constituted from leading international experts covering a wide range of sectors and countries, selected to ensure deep insight into key issues relevant to achievement of the C2G mission.

Advisory Group members provide advice on the substantive issues behind the work of C2G. They provide independent strategic guidance and support to help ensure the initiative’s work is well informed, effective, and high impact. As the Advisory Group is not a decision-making body, the members have no direct and accountable influence over the work of the initiative.

Maria Ivanova, Associate Professor of Global Governance, John W. McCormack Graduate School of Policy and Global Studies; Director of Center for Governance and Sustainability / USA, Bulgaria

Maria Ivanova is an international relations and global environmental governance scholar. Her research focuses on international environmental institutions and their performance, environmental sustainability, and the science-policy interface. She has researched and written extensively about the United Nations Environment Programme. She now studies the implementation of global environmental conventions and the policy processes around the Sustainable Development Goals, and along with her team has created the Environmental Conventions Index assessing countries’ performance across six global environmental conventions. She was a member of the Scientific Advisory Board of the UN Secretary-General created by Ban Ki-moon in 2012. She is a board member of the UN University Institute for the Advanced Study of Sustainability (UNU-IAS), the Global Young Academy, and the Millennium Institute, and an Andrew Carnegie Fellow. She serves as ambassador for the New Shape Prize of the Global Challenges Foundation.

Ivanova holds a PhD (with distinction) and two master’s degrees, in international relations and environmental management, from Yale University, and a bachelor’s degree from Mount Holyoke College.

“Governance is the design and execution of policy. Effective governance for climate geoengineering will require imagination and knowledge supported by systematic research, discussions, and deliberations.”

— Maria Ivanova

David Keith, Professor of Applied Physics and Professor of Public Policy, Harvard University / Canada, USA, UK

David Keith has worked near the interface between climate science, energy technology, and public policy for 25 years. He took first prize in Canada’s national physics prize exam, won MIT’s prize for excellence in experimental physics, and was one of TIME magazine’s Heroes of the Environment.

Keith is professor of applied physics in Harvard’s School of Engineering and Applied Sciences; professor of public policy in the Harvard Kennedy School; and founder at Carbon Engineering a company developing technology to capture of CO2 from ambient air to make carbon-neutral hydrocarbon fuels.

Best known for work on the science, technology, and public policy of solar geoengineering, Keith is developing an interfaculty research initiative on solar geoengineering at Harvard. Keith’s work has ranged from the climatic impacts of large-scale wind power to an early critique of the prospects for hydrogen fuel. Keith’s hardware engineering projects include the first interferometer for atoms, a high-accuracy infrared spectrometer for NASA’s ER-2, and currently, development of CO2 capture pilot plants for Carbon Engineering. Keith teaches courses on science and technology policy and on energy and environmental systems where he has reached students worldwide with an online edX course. He has writing for the public with A case for climate engineering from MIT Press. Based in Cambridge, Keith spends about a third of his time in Canmore Alberta.

“Solar geoengineering has the best chance of enabling social and environmental benefits if development of the technology and assessment of its risks and benefits proceeds hand-in-hand with the development of international governance.”

— David Keith

Thelma Krug, Senior Researcher at National Institute for Space Research / Brazil

Thelma Krug is a senior researcher at the Earth Observation Coordination at the National Institute for Space Research in Brazil, under the Ministry of Science, Technology, Innovations and Communication (MCTIC).

She holds a PhD on Spatial Statistics from the University of Sheffield, UK. She has been Deputy National Secretary at the Secretary on Policies and Programs of Science and Technology at MCTIC; National Secretary to the Secretary on Climate Change and Environmental Quality from the Ministry of the Environment (MMA); and more recently Director of the Department on Policies to Combat Deforestation at the MMA.

From 2002 until 2015, she co-chaired the Task Force on National Greenhouse Gas Inventories of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC), and in October 2015 was elected as one of the three Vice-Chairs of the IPCC. For more than 15 years she represented Brazil in the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) negotiations, particularly on issues related to land use, land-use change and forestry (LULUCF), research and systematic observation and reporting guidelines. She has several publications related to climate change and forests, and has participated in the development of innovative methodologies for afforestation/reforestation under the Clean Development Mechanism. Her main areas of interest are climate change and the role of deforestation, forest degradation and land-use change; REDD+; national greenhouse gas inventories; and land-use change.

Alessandra Orofino, Executive Director & Co-founder of Meu Rio / Brazil

Alessandra Orofino is executive director and co-founder of Meu Rio, a Brazilian civil society organization that develops tools for civic engagement and participation.

After working as a field researcher in Brazil and India, interviewing young girls who had been victims of domestic violence, Alessandra Orofino founded Meu Rio in 2011. The organization has fueled bottom-up local politics using a combination of on-the-ground actions and custom-designed online and mobile platforms and apps.

With a degree in economics and human rights from Columbia University, Orofino is a believer in participatory politics and in cities as the ideal locus for reinventing representative democracy, and with her team she has designed Meu Rio as a catalyst for youth activism. Among its 140,000 members are tens of thousands of millennials, identifying common issues, pooling ideas for solutions, and pressuring decision-makers to adopt new policies and practices.

Pan Jiahua, Director-General of the Institute for Urban & Environmental Studies, Chinese Academy of Social Sciences / China

Pan Jiahua is currently Director-General of the Institute for Urban & Environmental Studies in the Chinese Academy of Social Sciences (CASS). He also holds the positions of Professor of economics at CASS Graduate School and Editor-in-Chief of the Chinese Journal of Urban & Environmental Studies.

He received a PhD from Cambridge University in 1992, studying the economics of sustainable development, energy and climate policy, world economy and environmental and natural resource economics. He worked for the UNDP Beijing Office as an Advisor on environment and development and was Lead author of the IPCC Working Group III 3rd, 4th, and 5th Assessment Reports on Mitigation.

He is a Member of the China National Expert Panel on Climate Change, the National Foreign Policy Advisory Group and is Advisor to the Ministry of Environment Protection. He is Vice President of the Chinese Association for Urban Economy and Vice President of the Chinese Society of Ecological Economists. He has edited and authored over 300 papers, articles and books in both English and Chinese.

Manuel Pulgar-Vidal, Global Lead, Climate and Energy, WWF International / Peru

Manuel Pulgar-Vidal is leader of the Climate and Energy Practice of WWF International. He was formerly minister of state for environment in Peru and president of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) Twentieth Conference of Parties (COP20).

Pulgar-Vidal is a lawyer with over 27 years of experience in the fields of environmental law and policy. In 1986, he founded the Peruvian Society for Environmental Law, one of the most recognized organizations of environmental law in the region, where he served as executive director for 20 years. In his role as minister of state for environment in Peru he was responsible for proposing and defining Peru’s environmental policies, including those covering biodiversity and climate change. He was also in charge of implementing the countries’ environmental legislation and its enforcement policies.

Throughout his career, Manuel Pulgar-Vidal has participated in the development of environmental policy frameworks in many countries in the region, as an advisor to decision makers and many project initiatives. He has also managed various organizations and is a recognized leader in environmental management issues. He has authored many papers and articles and is a professor and lecturer in environmental law, environmental management, and natural resources.

Jairam Ramesh, Member of Parliament / India

Jairam Ramesh is an Indian economist, author, and member of Parliament in the Indian National Congress.

He has represented Andhra Pradesh state in the Rajya Sabha (the Upper House of the Parliament of India) since June 2004 and has previously held various ministerial positions including: minister of rural development, minister of drinking water and sanitation, and minister of state at the Ministry of Environment and Forests.

Steve Rayner, James Martin Professor of Science & Civilization, University of Oxford / UK

Steve Rayner is James Martin Professor of Science and Civilization and director of the Institute for Science, Innovation and Society (InSIS) in the School of Anthropology and Museum Ethnography at Oxford University, from where he also co-directs the Oxford Geoengineering Programme. He is a professorial fellow of Keble College. He was honorary professor of climate change and society at the University of Copenhagen from 2009-2014 and visiting professor at Flinders University from 2013-14. He is a senior fellow at the Breakthrough Institute of Oakland, California. He previously held senior research positions in two U.S. National Laboratories and has taught at leading U.S. universities.

He has served on various U.S., UK, and international bodies addressing science, technology and the environment, including Britain’s Royal Commission on Environmental Pollution, the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change and the Royal Society’s Working Group on Climate Geoengineering. From 2002-2008 he also directed the national Science in Society Research Programme of the UK Economic and Social Research Council. He was included in the 2008 Smart List by Wired Magazine as one of the 15 people the next U.S. president should listen to.

“Barring a global economic catastrophe, it does not seem credible that the world will meet its current target of limiting atmospheric warming by 2°C, let alone 1.5°C, through conventional mitigation alone. The feasibility and wisdom of deliberate interventions in the climate system to meet present goals raise fundamental issues about humanity’s relationship with climate, the goals that we set for ourselves, and the means by which we pursue them.”

— Steve Rayner

Ambuj Sagar, Vipula and Mahesh Chaturvedi Professor of Policy Studies, Department of Humanities and Social Sciences; Head, School of Public Policy, Indian Institute of Technology Delhi / India

Ambuj Sagar is the Vipula and Mahesh Chaturvedi Professor of Policy Studies and the founding Head of the School of Public Policy at the Indian Institute of Technology Delhi.

Ambuj’s interests broadly lie at the intersection of technology and development. His recent work has focused on innovation policy for meeting sustainability and inclusivity challenges, energy innovation policy and strategies (in areas such as biofuels, clean cookstoves, coal power, automobiles, and institutional mechanisms such as climate innovation centers), climate change policy and politics, capacity development, higher education policy, and the technology-society interface. He has been a consultant/advisor to various Indian Govt. ministries as well as many multilateral and bilateral agencies.

Ambuj did his undergraduate studies in Mechanical Engineering at IIT Delhi. He subsequently received an M.S. in Aerospace Engineering from the University of Michigan and then an M.S. in Materials Science, a Ph.D. in Polymer Science, and an M.S. in Technology and Policy from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology.

“While technologies are a powerful vehicle for addressing societal challenges, their deployment also can come with significant, often unanticipated, environmental, health, social, and other risks.  There also is a possibility of a moral hazard where the existence of a technological ‘solution’ may then reduce or preclude efforts to reduce the underlying risk (or disregard many of the equity consequences of the technology’s deployment).  Therefore an effort to start a deep ex-ante engagement with such issues in the context of geoengineering, which in many ways epitomizes many of these concerns, is timely and much needed.”

— Ambuj Sagar

Youba Sokona, Special Advisor for Sustainable Development, South Centre / Mali

Youba Sokona is currently special advisor for sustainable development at the South Centre in Mali. With over 35 years of experience addressing energy, environment, and sustainable development in Africa, Sokona is a well-known, leading global figure.

In addition to these achievements, Sokona has a proven track record of organizational leadership and management, for example, leading the conception, development, and initiating of the Africa Renewable Energy Initiative, as coordinator of the African Climate Policy Centre (ACPC) and as executive secretary of the Sahara and the Sahel Observatory (OSS). Sokona’s advice is highly sought after, and as such, he is affiliated with numerous boards and organizations, including as a member of the board for the Institute of Development Studies (IDS), honorary professor at the University College London (UCL), member of Science Advisory Committee of the International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis (IIASA), and as a special advisor to the African Energy Leaders Group. In short, Sokona is a global figure, with deep technical knowledge, extensive policy experience, and an unreserved personal commitment to African led development.

“Exploring the unknown territory in the context of common good certainly prevents taking uninformed harmful decisions.”

— Youba Sokona

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