Carnegie Climate Geoengineering Governance Initiative


C2G2 Priorities

1. Governance of Research: To encourage the development of governance for research on climate geoengineering that is balanced between enabling and regulatory aspects.

To take informed decisions on geoengineering, the world urgently needs more research into the risks, costs and benefits of various technologies. We aim to bring together scientists, and representatives of science bodies and of civil society organizations, with representatives of relevant intergovernmental bodies and non-state actors, to encourage and contribute to the development of the governance of geoengineering research, including public policy inputs for intergovernmental agreements, and codes of conduct for geoengineering research.

2. Putting Solar Geoengineering Deployment on Hold: To ensure that deployment of solar geoengineering is put on hold until (i) the risks and potential benefits are better known, and (ii) the governance frameworks necessary for deployment are agreed.

The international community currently does not have a sufficient understanding of the risks, cost and potential benefits of solar geoengineering, its governance requirements or the status of related research. An agreement to put deployment on hold globally would reduce risks and allay concerns about premature action, whilst allowing and encouraging more essential research to allow informed decisions. We aim to strike a balance between those interested in researching solar geoengineering to see if there is sufficient merit, weighed against risks, in potentially deploying it, and those who want to ensure that deployment of solar geoengineering does not occur for fear of making matters worse.

3. Governance of Carbon Removal: To encourage policy discussions and agreements about atmospheric carbon removal at national as well as global levels.

Carbon removal plays a prominent part in most models to limit global temperature rise to within 1.5–2°C. But there has been insufficient discussion of the political, ethical and economic challenges of deploying these technologies at scale. We aim to kick-start an international discussion on the governance requirements for mass deployment of carbon removal technologies.

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